By Sherry Rochester
This booklet is a examine of discourse-the circulate of talk-of schizophrenic audio system. Our target is to appreciate the approaches which account for the standard stream of speak that occurs for all time among audio system and lis teners. How do conversations take place? what's wanted through a listener to persist with a speaker's phrases and reply properly to them? How a lot can a speaker take with no consideration and what kind of has to be acknowledged explicitly for the listener to keep on with the speaker's meanings comfortably and simply? every time we ask those questions, we appear to have to return to a couple position sooner than the "ordinary" grownup dialog. This time, now we have attempted reversing the questions and asking: What occurs while conversa tion fails? caused partly by way of an early paper via Robin Lakoff to the Chi cago Linguistics Society and via Herb Clark's experiences of listener approaches, we puzzled what a speaker has to do to make the listener ultimately cease making allowances and forestall attempting to alter the conversational agreement to cooperate. This inquiry led us to the schizophrenic speaker. whilst a listener makes a decision that the speaker's speak is "crazy," she or he is giving up at the common type of dialog and announcing, in impression, this speak is ex traordinary and whatever is inaccurate. We idea that, if shall we specify what makes a talk fail, we would research what needs to be current for a talk to succeed.
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Additional info for Crazy Talk: A Study of the Discourse of Schizophrenic Speakers
Their scale for schizophrenic patients is designed to describe the "relative severity of social alienation and personal disorganization of schizophrenic persons" (Gottschalk & GIeser, 1964, p. 400). Patients are asked to talk about some personal life experience for five minutes, and their tape-recorded speech is divided into clauses. The clauses are coded "whenever a theme or verbal act occurs which ... can discriminate the severity of the schizo- Chapter 1 28 Table 1. Procedures for Taking Speech Samples in a Range of Naturalistic Studies Clinical studies Content analyses 1.
An adaptation of the Harvard III Psychosocial Dictionary was used to sort words from the samples into 84 categories which had been "specifically selected for their psychological and sociological relevance" (Tucker & Rosenberg, 1975, p. 612). They found that 14 out of 84 categories differentiated schizophrenic from nonschizophrenic subjects. In a replication (Rosenberg & Tucker, 1976), the authors studied larger samples (which included subjects from the original samples) and refined their procedures.
The question of whether the aberrant productions of schizophrenic speakers reflect a true aphasia, that is, a failure of language production which is distinct from the patient's ability to conceptualize and to engage in social acts, has a long history. It has been of particular interest to clinicians who must decide whether a new patient has a temporary language disturbance or an imminent psychosis. Recently the question has also been raised in connection with the etiology of schizophrenia. Benson (1973), DiSimoni, Darley, and Aronson (1977), and Gerson, Benson, and Frazier (1977) present reviews of this literature among aphasiologists.
Crazy Talk: A Study of the Discourse of Schizophrenic Speakers by Sherry Rochester