By Frederick Charles Copleston
Among them, the pursuits of Logical Positivism and Existentialism ruled philosophy in Europe for far of the twentieth century, and the impact they exerted can nonetheless be felt at the present time. during this booklet Frederick Copleston offers an in depth and goal advent to those hugely arguable components of modern proposal. initially written in 1956, and revised in 1972, it explores the paintings of the various most crucial thinkers of the 20 th century, together with Ayer, Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Sartre and Camus. Written in a transparent and available variety, this booklet should still end up helpful to someone trying to find a basic advent to both of those influential philosophical pursuits.
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Among them, the pursuits of Logical Positivism and Existentialism ruled philosophy in Europe for a lot of the twentieth century, and the impact they exerted can nonetheless be felt at the present time. during this e-book Frederick Copleston presents a close and aim advent to those hugely arguable parts of modern proposal.
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"[This publication] deals lucid and thorough explications of key Sartrean options or even words, and it includes revealing money owed of the various thinkers and writers who motivated Sartre. .. This ebook will open doorways. "-David Pugmire, division of Philosophy, college of Southampton, united kingdom The Sartre Dictionary is a finished and obtainable advisor to the realm of Jean- Paul Sartre.
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Additional info for Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism
Htm 3 If the positivist demands the derivation of what I may call a "fresh" observation-statement before he will be prepared to give favourable consideration to the meaningful character of a given metaphysical statement, he seems to be demanding that the latter should be shown to be in some sense a prediction before its claim to be meaningful can be admitted. And if this is the case, he appears to demand that the metaphysical statement should be shown to be a scientific statement (supposing, for the sake of argument, that scientific statements are predictions) or, in more general terms, an empirical hypothesis, before its meaningful character can be admitted.
We can then see if there is in fact order in the world. It is to be noted that I am not suggesting that the statement that God exists implies logically the statement that there is order in the world. The reason why I derive the statement that there is order in the world from the statement that God exists is that, as far as philosophic knowledge of God is concerned, I come to knowledge of God through reflection on some aspect of or factor in empirical reality. Supposing, then, that my philosophic reason ____________________ 1For what appears to me to be a more satisfactory discussion of the principle of verifiability, see Chapter IV.
To the applied mathematician. " They are sometimes said to be " tautologies," in the sense that they simply state the formal implications of certain definitions and premisses. I do not propose to discuss this view of logic and mathematics; but I should like to point out two things in connection with it. First, it is a very common view and is not confined to logical positivists. To say that formal logic is " formal " is a tautology; and to say that all pure mathematics are formal and give no information about existent things is to say something which seems to me perfectly reasonable.
Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism by Frederick Charles Copleston