By Alexander Kotchegura
Why the nation paperwork in valuable and jap Europe (CEE) looks to were least of all tormented by the post-communist transformation when put next to different public associations and sectors of the financial system? Why declared reforms of civil prone failed to date to arrive such a lot in their ambitions or even have had counter-productive influence occasionally? at the foundation of a finished research of the advance of the Russian and Czech kingdom management over the past decade and a part the writer offers a radical perception into the motives of the present traits within the administrative improvement of CEE nations and explores key elements that experience ended in greater than modest ends up in the reforms in their civil providers.
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Additional resources for Civil Service Reform in Post-Communist Countries (LUP Dissertaties)
We assume that the similarities in reform preparation and implementation can be in particular attributed, firstly to the largely common roots of administrative culture and mentality traceable to the heritage of monarchist (Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires) and recent communist regimes, and secondly to peculiarities of the political setting in these countries manifested above all in seriously constrained opportunity for competition between various political parties and groupings. Distinctions in reform preparation, advance and outcomes may result from such factors as external influence, differences in the constitutional order and political regime, as well as resources available.
First, “it is the exception rather than the rule for reform schemes to be comprehensive, even in intent”. Second, “it is easy to exaggerate the degree of intentionality in many reforms” (ibid). The second point is explained by Goodin who states “Institutions are often the product of intentional activities gone wrong – unintended by-products, the products of various intentional actions cutting across one another, misdirected intentions or just plain mistakes” (Goodin, 1996:28). Another note worth observation in connection with study of reform is that “remedies imposed for perceived problems often generate new, and opposite problems” (Hesse, Hood, Peters, 2000:14).
This means that although new institutions may be in place, they do not necessarily always perform the role assigned to them from the very beginning and sometimes have a counter productive effect. In reviewing modern theories and views on civil service reform we can not bypass two leading publications on the subject – “Civil Service Systems in Comparative Perspective” edited by Bekke, Perry and Toonen, and “Public Management Reform. A Comparative Analysis” by Pollitt and Bouckaert. Both publications explore a set of key issues and themes related to public management reforms and make a fair contribution to further elaboration of methodological tools for comparing administrative systems.
Civil Service Reform in Post-Communist Countries (LUP Dissertaties) by Alexander Kotchegura