By Mark Riebling
Pope Pius XII might be the main detested pope in sleek historical past, vilified for allegedly appeasing Hitler and betraying the Jewish humans by way of final silent throughout the Holocaust. yet this traditional narrative isn't the complete story.
In Church of Spies, the intelligence specialist Mark Riebling attracts on a wealth of lately exposed records to argue that, faraway from being Hitler’s lackey, Pius was once an energetic anti-Nazi spymaster. He directed an unlimited community of Vatican operatives—priests and laypeople alike—who partnered with the German resistance, tipped the Allies off to Hitler’s invasions of France and Russia, and concerned themselves in 3 separate plots to assassinate Hitler.
A fast paced and gripping story of secrecy, risk, and self-sacrifice, Church of Spies takes readers from hidden crypts underneath the Vatican to Nazi bunkers in Germany to chart the genuine legacy of Pius’s mystery warfare. even supposing those revelations don't excuse Pius’s public silence through the warfare, they supply us with a deeper knowing of the guy reviled by means of such a lot of.
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Additional info for Church of Spies: The Pope's Secret War Against Hitler
These documents are a State Defense Committee (GKO) Decrees, dated 2 February and 9 July 1943 contained in the files of the Central Party Archives of the Institute of Marxism and Leninism. 35 Figure 16. fronts on 1 February 1943. Transcaucasus Front (non-operating forces) 45th Army 12th Rifle Corps 261 st Rifle Division 349th Rifle Division 392d Rifle Division 406th Rifle Division 51 st Fortified Region 55th Fortified Region 1 sep. mortar battalion 1 sep. engineer battalion 1 pontoon-bridge battalion 1 sep.
Dzherzhinsky motorized division based in Moscow, 18 separate NKVD regiments (11 based in the western military districts), and 3 separate battalions ( 1 in the western military districts) for a total of 41, 5 89 men. In addition, the NKVD fielded two divisions and seven brigades totaling 38,311 men responsible for providing convoy security for prisoners of war during their transport to POW camps, and security for the camps and the GULAG at large. Finally, one division, five brigades, and three regiments were assigned to the NKVD' s Main Directorate for Local Antiaircraft Defense (MPVO).
Tank Regiment 1440th Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment 60th Sep. Armored Train Battalion 27th Gun Artillery Brigade 33d Gun Artillery Brigade 628th Gun Artillery Regiment 27th Antitank Artillery Brigade 28th Antitank Artillery Brigade 1st Guards Army (Southwestern Front) 6th Guards Rifle Corps 57th Guards Rifle Division 53d Rifle Division 195th Rifle Division 33 d Rifle Corps 50th Rifle Division 230th Rifle Division 243d Rifle Division 253d Rifle Brigade 44th Guards Rifle Division 60th Guards Rifle Division 16th Guards Tank Regiment (1st GMC) 17th Guards Tank Regiment (1st GMC) 16th Sep.
Church of Spies: The Pope's Secret War Against Hitler by Mark Riebling