By Tina Johnson
Childbirth in Republican China: offering Modernity (1911-1949) is the research of a pivotal interval during which conventional midwifery, marked by means of inner most, unregulated old-style midwives, was once remodeled into glossy midwifery during the adoption of a hugely medicalized and state-sponsored start version that's usual in city China at the present time. within the 20th century, biomedical applied sciences altered the method of childbirth on nearly each point. What were an issue of personal curiosity, concentrating on the kinfolk and lineage, grew to become a countrywide precedence, a logo of the hot citizen who may perform the production of a revitalized state. this alteration of replica coalesces with the wider tale of China's twentieth-century revolutions, marked via an emphasis on technological know-how and modernity. the jobs of the nation and of western clinical body of workers have been paramount in affecting those adjustments, yet both very important are the serious social and cultural shifts that happened concurrently. The dominant issues of replica in twentieth-century China are characterised by way of increasing kingdom involvement, moving gender roles, escalating intake styles accompanying the commercialization of personal lives, and the expanding medicalization of the delivery procedure.
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Victor Heiser,” September 20, 1926. â•‡ Marion Yang, “Letter [to John B. ],” 1928. â•‡ Nakagawa Tadahide, Observations of Qing Dynasty Customs (Shinzoku kibun), 1800. Edition: Tokyo: Heibonsha, 1966; as cited in Furth, A Flourishing Yin: Gender in China’s Medical History, 960–1665, 254, Figure 16. â•‡ Theodor Rosebury, Microbes and Morals; the Strange Story of Venereal Disease (New York: Viking Press, 1971), 171. â•‡ Jordan, Birth in Four Cultures: A Crosscultural Investigation of Childbirth in Yucatan, Holland, Sweden, and the United States, 63, 125–26.
Merle Goldman, “Restarting Chinese History,” The American Historical Review 105, no. 1 (February 6, 2000): 153–64. 1 In 1879, Viceroy Li Hongzhang’s wife fell ill. She “had been given up by the old-style physicians,” so the Viceroy sent for two Western physicians to attend her, Dr. John Kenneth Mackenzie, a Canadian of the London Missionary Society, and Dr. A. 2 Due to the nature of Lady Li’s illness, “it became necessary for the patient’s complete restoration to health . . ”3 Dr. Mackenzie called for a female medical missionary working in Beijing, Dr.
It is a never-ending road because to be modern means to continually strive for the next big thing, the next advancement, the newest technology. To be modern is an elusive, unattainable goal that in early twentieth-century China was entwined with foreign influence. Because of China’s recent humiliations at the hands of Western powers, many Chinese were ambivalent about what kinds of ideas and inventions to take from the West, which many considered to be the font of modernity.
Childbirth in Republican China: Delivering Modernity by Tina Johnson