By W. B. Quay (auth.), Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Maxwell M. Mozell (eds.)
From June 6 to nine, 1976, approximately a hundred and forty contributors (physiologists, chemists, ecologists, animal behaviorists, and psychologists) accumulated within the Gideon Putnam inn at Saratoga Springs, big apple for a symposium entitled "Chemical indications in Vertebrates". the point of interest of this symposium, backed through the us nationwide technology starting place, used to be on chemical communique in greater animals, such a lot significantly mammals. This incorporated the chemical nature, construction, and reception of chemical indications, and their modulating results on habit. just about all the world's laboratories operating during this region have been represented. It used to be the 1st assembly of its variety, and even supposing the physiological features of flavor and odor at the one hand and bug pheromones at the different have formerly been handled in numerous tremendous symposia, they've got now not prior to been taken care of as a again drop to chemical verbal exchange in vertebrates. the sector of insect pheromones is definitely built, with enormous quantities of lively compounds pointed out. in contrast, in vertebrates basically six mammalian phero mones in as many species have been pointed out chemically by means of 1976.
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Invest. Derm. 39: 139-155. S. E. 1961. The quantitiative gravimetric determination of sebum production. J. invest. Derm. 36: 293298. S. E. 1963. The human sebaceous gland: its regulation by steroidal hormones and its use as an end organ for assaying androgenicity in vivo. Recent Prog. Horm. Res. 19: 385-444. S. E. 1969. Recent advances in androgen metabolism and their relation to the skin. Archs. Derm. 100: 621-636. J. and Shuster, S. 1972. A study of the relationship between the thyroid gland and sebum secretion in the rat.
WARE system which substantially influences the odor of the secretion finally voided by the fox. Although with such a scent source species differences can occur, as between the anal sac secretions of the red fox and the striped skunk, Mephitis mephitis (Andersen and Bernstein, 1975), microbial odor production offers considerable possibilities for crossspecies similarities, as between the fox and the lion. The Indian mongoose can discriminate between different mixtures of the same volatile fatty acids that occur microbially in its anal pocket secretion (Gorman, 1976).
Stability of fermentation product composition with time requires constance of input substrate composition. It also requires a stable microf10ra. An established microf10ra will be expected to be stable for it will have adapted for the most efficient exploitation of the particular microenvironment and introduced organisms will have little chance of competing successfully. This is evidenced by the reported difficulties encountered in implanting bacteria in the gut (Drasar and Hill, 1974) and our own problems in introducing co1iforms into the anal sac of the fox.
Chemical Signals in Vertebrates by W. B. Quay (auth.), Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Maxwell M. Mozell (eds.)