Download Die Welt der Rohstoffe: Lagerstätten, Förderung und by Florian Neukirchen PDF

By Florian Neukirchen

ISBN-10: 366248241X

ISBN-13: 9783662482414

ISBN-10: 3662482428

ISBN-13: 9783662482421

Dieses allgemein verständliche Buch gibt Antworten auf folgende Fragen: Wo sind Erze für Metalle, wo ist Erdöl zu finden? Der Verbrauch an mineralischen Rohstoffen ist in den letzten Jahrzehnten immer schneller gestiegen, doch die Ressourcen sind begrenzt und der Aufwand, neue Lagerstätten ausfindig zu machen, nimmt zu. Damit wird die Frage, wie Lagerstätten entstehen und wie sie aufzuspüren sind, immer wichtiger. Warum gibt es Kupfer in Chile und in der Lausitz? Wie wichtig ist die Atacamawüste für Elektroautos? Wie unterscheiden sich die Vorkommen von Seltenerdelementen in China und Grönland? Wo liegen die größten Platinreserven, und wozu wird dieses Edelmetall in erster Linie gebraucht? was once hat ein Meteoriteneinschlag in Kanada mit Eisen und Nickel zu tun? Antworten zu diesen und vielen weiteren spannenden Fragen bietet dieses anschauliche Buch. Den Hauptteil bildet eine Einführung in die Lagerstättenkunde, in der nicht nur die wichtigsten Lagerstättentypen vorgestellt, sondern auch die grundlegenden Prozesse erklärt werden, die zu einer Anreicherung der jeweiligen Metalle geführt haben. Dabei geht es nicht nur um magmatische, hydrothermale oder sedimentäre Prozesse und um Verwitterung, sondern auch um den plattentektonischen Rahmen und um die Veränderungen in der Erdgeschichte. Im Kapitel zur fossilen Energie werden Erdöl und Erdgas ebenso behandelt wie unkonventionelle Quellen wie Schiefergas und das viel diskutierte Fracking. Wie am besten nach Lagerstätten gesucht wird, wie der Bergbau abläuft und wie aus dem Erz Metalle gewonnen werden, sind weitere Themen des Buches. Schließlich gehen die Autoren auch auf wirtschaftliche Aspekte ein wie die Entwicklung von Rohstoffpreisen und die Faktoren, die einen Abbau profitabel machen.

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Download The Collector’s Book of Fluorescent Minerals by Manuel A. Robbins PDF

By Manuel A. Robbins

ISBN-10: 1475747926

ISBN-13: 9781475747928

ISBN-10: 1475747942

ISBN-13: 9781475747942

Over the final numerous many years, the variety of those who find themselves actively keen on the pastime or technological know-how of mineral accumulating has grown at an expanding velocity. in keeping with the growing to be call for for informa­ tion which this massive and energetic crew has created, a few books were released facing mineralogy. therefore, the reader now has a call between mineral locality publications, box handbooks, photograph collections, or books devoted to the systematic description of minerals. despite the fact that, as curiosity in mineralogy has grown, as creditors became more and more a professional and conscious of mineralogy in its many points, the necessity for extra really expert details has additionally grown. Nowhere is that this desire more than within the topic of the fluorescence of minerals. The variety of creditors who now major­ tain a fluorescent assortment is large, curiosity is consistently expanding, and brands have lately answered by way of the intro­ duction of recent ultraviolet apparatus with significant advancements in software and function. but whilst the collector searches for any info in this topic, little might be chanced on. she or he will search in useless for the solutions to questions which current themselves as in­ terest in fluorescent minerals grows and matures. Which minerals fluoresce? the place are fluorescent minerals chanced on? What makes a mineral fluoresce? Why does ultraviolet mild produce fluorescence? what's an activator, and the way does it give a contribution to fluorescence? On those concerns, the on hand mineralogy books are principally silent.

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Download Mineralogical applications of crystal field theory by Roger G. Burns PDF

By Roger G. Burns

ISBN-10: 0521430771

ISBN-13: 9780521430777

The hot version of this landmark quantity takes into consideration the substantial quantity of recent spectral info on minerals, and describes quite a few functions of crystal box thought to the earth and planetary sciences. a special viewpoint of the second one version is that it highlights the houses of minerals that lead them to compounds of curiosity to reliable country chemists and physicists.

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Download Skeletal Biomineralization: Patterns, Processes and by J.G. Carter PDF

By J.G. Carter

ISBN-10: 0875907024

ISBN-13: 9780875907024

ISBN-10: 1118667271

ISBN-13: 9781118667279

About The Product

Published through the yankee Geophysical Union as a part of the Short classes in Geology Series.

Our knowing of the mechanisms during which organisms shape minerals has stepped forward some time past 20 years yet continues to be at a rudimentary level. Any common concept of biomineralization needs to clarify the formation of stable stages from organic fluids in tenns of actual parameters equivalent to supersaturation, ionic power, pH, floor energies and the nature and volume of lively websites. wisdom of the services of the natural matrix in mediating mineral deposition is of simple value to any realizing of biomineralization.

Content:

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Download The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths by Paul Ramdohr PDF

By Paul Ramdohr

ISBN-10: 0080116353

ISBN-13: 9780080116358

The Ore Minerals and Their Intergrowths makes a speciality of the homes, features, and reactions of ore minerals.

The ebook first bargains details on genetic systematics of ore deposits and ore textures. Discussions concentrate on meteorites, magmatic, sedimentary, and metamorphic sequences, cloth houses thought of from a in simple terms geometric perspective, genetic cloth varieties, and the connection of ore textures with commercial minerals. The textual content then elaborates on annotation in regards to the association of fabrics and parts and intermetallic compounds.

The ebook takes a glance at alloy-like compounds and tellurides and customary sulfides and "sulfosalts". themes comprise umangite, bornite, jalpaite, argentite, naumannite, crookesite, coloradoite, novakite, orcelite, maucherite, parkerite, and horsfordite. The manuscript extra touches on oxide ore minerals and gangue minerals and non-opaque oxide ore minerals, together with quartz, calcite, dolomite, siderite, cerussite, smithsonite, jarosite, tenorite, zincite, and cuprite.

The textual content is a liable reference for readers attracted to ore minerals and their intergrowths.

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Download Pyrite: A Natural History of Fool's Gold by David Rickard PDF

By David Rickard

ISBN-10: 0190203676

ISBN-13: 9780190203672

Most folks have heard of pyrite, the brassy yellow mineral generally known as fool's gold. yet regardless of being the most typical sulfide at the earth's floor, pyrite's vibrant crystals have attracted a noteworthy volume of cognizance from many various cultures, and its approximately exact visible visual appeal to gold has ended in stories of fraud, trickery, and claims of alchemy. Pyrite occupies a different position in human heritage: it turned an essential component of mining lore in the US throughout the nineteenth century, and it has a presence in old Sumerian texts, Greek philosophy, and medieval poetry, changing into an emblem for something overrated.

In Pyrite, geochemist and writer David Rickard blends easy technology and historic narrative to explain the various distinct methods pyrite makes appearances in our international. He follows pyrite again in the course of the medieval alchemists to the traditional Arab, chinese language, Indian, and Classical worlds, exhibiting why the mineral used to be critical to the improvement of those numerous historical cultures. Pyrite will be tracked to the beginnings of humankind, and Rickard unearths the way it contributed to the origins of our paintings and storytelling or even to our biologic improvement as people. yet pyrite has designated medical homes besides: the publication distills how oxidation makes fool's gold appear like a invaluable steel, and exhibits how pyrite can choke out oxygen from water, developing huge "dead zones" in our oceans. Rickard analyzes pyrite's function in production sulfuric acid, a compound used for every thing from cleansing drains to fertilizing plants. Its impact extends from human evolution and the formation of societies, via technological know-how and undefined, to our realizing of historic, sleek, and destiny earth environments. lively and obtainable, Pyrite is the 1st publication to teach readers the heritage and technological know-how of 1 of the world's so much attention-grabbing minerals.

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Download Ore Deposits and Mantle Plumes by Franco Pirajno PDF

By Franco Pirajno

ISBN-10: 9048140269

ISBN-13: 9789048140268

ISBN-10: 9401725020

ISBN-13: 9789401725026

PERTH Western Australia March 2000 more and more explorationists are looking for to discover new ore deposits in poorly prospected components, be they geographically distant, comparable to within the Arctic, or geologically distant, equivalent to these lower than sedimentary hide. sleek prospecting concepts, together with low-detection-level geochemistry and using complicated geophysical instrumentation have enormously assisted explorers yet basic to any soundly dependent exploration software continues to be an realizing of the geological framework of ore deposits. this permits the advance of deposit types on macroscopic and mesoscopic scales. This booklet by way of Dr. Franeo Pirajno attracts on his wide and extensive international event. To set the scene for a dialogue of ore deposit new release Franeo information the Earths inner buildings and mantle dynamics. He then explores the influence of mantle plumes at the crust and particularly their function within the creation of magmatic environments, and in continental scale rifting. This contains a descriptive part on magmatic provinces world wide, which highlights the significance of plumes. Any examine of Earth procedures must have in mind the results of extraterrestrial bombardment, and specifically the implications from the affects of enormous bolides. the consequences of those affects at the surroundings and on lifestyles have now been known as profound. it truly is most likely that the influence ofthese affects at the Earth's crust is as both profound.

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Download Chemically Modified Nanopores and Nanochannels by Mario Tagliazucchi, Igal Szleifer PDF

By Mario Tagliazucchi, Igal Szleifer

ISBN-10: 0323401821

ISBN-13: 9780323401821

ISBN-10: 0323413625

ISBN-13: 9780323413626

Chemically converted Nanopores and Nanochannels is dedicated to chemically transformed nanopores and nanochannels, and covers the basics of shipping in chemically changed structures, an account of the various practise and characterization ideas of chemically changed nanopores, their purposes, and case reviews.

The publication is designed for fabrics and biomaterials scientists, biomedical engineers, chemists, and chemical engineers who're attracted to designing and using approaches to synthesize, adjust, signify, use, and version nanopores. The powerful chemical concentration of the booklet differentiates it from different books released on nanopores, which usually concentration both on physics, biophysics, and nanofabrication (solid-state nanopores) or biophysics and biology (biological ion channels and pores).

  • Explains how the chemical amendment of nanopores and nanochannels can be utilized in filtration, membranes, and sensing
  • Provides complicated assurance of novel artificial applications
  • Focuses at the newest advancements in nanopore and nanochannel engineering
  • Presents an account of different practise and characterization ideas of chemically changed nanopores, their functions, and case studies

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Download Neodymium Isotope Geochemistry: An Introduction by Donald J. DePaolo PDF

By Donald J. DePaolo

ISBN-10: 3642489168

ISBN-13: 9783642489167

ISBN-10: 3642489184

ISBN-13: 9783642489181

This monograph used to be started with goals in brain. the 1st was once to supply a overview of analysis concerning the applying of neodymium isotopic measurements to professional­ blems in earth technology. within the technique of organizing to do that, i spotted that the examine during this box had produced a necessity for an up to date evaluate of the underlying paradigms. This desire had arisen a result of specified houses of the samarium-neodymium isotopic method, and as the examine had transgressed the normal obstacles be­ tween the subfields of earth technological know-how. with out this sort of assessment, the importance of the consequences appeared more likely to stay un­ unavoidably vague to scientists from similar disciplines. hence, the second one target grew to become the supply of a theoretical framework for the applying of neodymium isotopic stories. a lot of what this includes isn't new, however it is drawn jointly the following for the 1st time. on the time the writing used to be initiated, the literature of the sphere was once nonetheless rather constrained. during the last five years it has grown greatly. contemplating the speed at which the writing stepped forward, it grew to become transparent that this couldn't be a completely up to date evaluation and nonetheless succeed in crowning glory. the choice of fabric for the assessment sections is biased towards prior reviews. half I provides many of the heritage information.

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