By W. Bartley Hildreth
A source for directors looking leading edge principles and aiding precedents in formulating coverage, this booklet additionally offers an invaluable textbook for public management and coverage scholars. It employs a wealth of case reports in budgeting and monetary administration to illustrate thoughts in method implementation, coverage formula, govt accounting, auditing, and monetary reporting. With contributions from major specialists, it clarifies approaches to unravel cutback and downsizing dilemmas utilizing theoretical types, and offers pragmatic ways to dealing with monetary actions less than budgetary pressure. It additionally covers the evolution of a debt administration coverage.
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Extra resources for Case Studies in Public Budgeting and Financial Management, Second Edition, Revised and Expanded (Public Administration and Public Policy)
Counting residential property taxes, commercial property taxes, sales taxes, and other taxes, the average per capita tax charge for older cities is $771. The per capita tax figure for the younger cities is $514. These higher taxes are consistent with the higher spending. An examination of the tax structure also reveals some notable differences. 99% vs. 84%), but per capita charges in this category are nearly the same ($131 vs. $137). While the two groups derive a similar portion of their revenues from commercial property taxes, the older cities raise more per capita from this source ($233 vs.
6 Do older cities spend proportionately more on debt service? 7 Do the older (and bigger) cities spend proportionately more on administrative overhead? "8 Do older cities impose higher per capita taxes on their constituents? 9 Do the older cities exhibit different revenue sources than the younger counterparts? 10 For example, California was among those states that led the way in imposing user fees for services in an attempt to keep property taxes down. A three-step approach was adopted in order to address these issues concerning the services, expenditures, and revenues of the thirty-five cities being studied.
Older cities spend considerably more per capita on both debt service and administrative overhead, although the proportion of expenditures allocated to these categories is more similar. Older cities spend $144 per capita on debt service, as compared to $106 within younger municipalities. Again, such spending might be characterized as both a source and a symptom of fiscal stress. It is consistent with the stronger focus on public works in the older cities. 17 This speaks again to the more complex service delivery systems of older industrial cities and to the diseconomies of scale associated with their size.
Case Studies in Public Budgeting and Financial Management, Second Edition, Revised and Expanded (Public Administration and Public Policy) by W. Bartley Hildreth