By Bernard Lowry
In the summertime of 1940, Britain requested itself no longer 'will Hitler invade?' yet 'when?' SEALION, the German invasion plan, provoked the development of pillboxes, coastal defences, heavy-gun emplacements and anti-aircraft batteries, in addition to the formation of the house protect and covert teams. Later, new risks changed SEALION: radar detection structures have been multiplied through the Blitz years, as have been intelligence-gathering structures and listening posts. From 1944, Britain used to be back confronted with a perilous danger, Hitler's 'Vengeance weapons'. This name offers a concise review of Britain's protective platforms, and offers a brilliant photograph of battle at the domestic entrance.
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Extra info for British Home Defences 1940-45 (Fortress, Volume 20)
London would be protected by lines of fighter patrols and a great belt of eight-gun HAA batteries located to the south of the North Downs in Surrey. Barrage balloons would provide a screen around the capital. Such caution was not misplaced. The V1 rocket plan had been in development since 1942, and was already well advanced, with much construction work on launch sites taking place in 1943 and 1944. The parallel development of other, even more deadly threats, the V2 and V3 weapons, was another reason for concern.
It had been set up in World War I to channel young women into working the land, and in World War II was led by Lady Denman until her resignation in 1945. Her resignation was prompted by the poor treatment of the WLA at stand down (they received no demobilisation grants for their hard work and were only able to retain a part of their allotted clothing). There was also a Women’s Timber Corps whose members took on the heavy work of forestry – not that the WLA’s 80,000 members had an easier time of it, with long hours, harsh weather, difficult employers and inadequate clothing.
Fighter bases would also be required to protect the bombers. Other units, such as the ‘Carpetbaggers’, with their glossy black B-24 Liberator bombers, flew agent-dropping missions over occupied Europe. ’ on the vehicles) carries out exercises in the south of England in September 1940. Noteworthy is the use of requisitioned transport, an expedient adopted by the Army to move reserves and other units in the desperate days of 1940. These are civilian motor coaches still bearing their civilian registration numbers, but with the addition of an overall coat of camouflage paint.
British Home Defences 1940-45 (Fortress, Volume 20) by Bernard Lowry