Download Bilingual Education and Social Change (Bilingual Education by Rebecca D. Freeman PDF

By Rebecca D. Freeman

ISBN-10: 0585199302

ISBN-13: 9780585199306

ISBN-10: 1853594199

ISBN-13: 9781853594199

A basic creation to bilingualism, bilingual schooling, and minority schooling within the usa, and an ethnographic/discourse analytic learn of ways one "successful" dual-language programme demanding situations mainstream US academic progammes that discriminate opposed to minority scholars and the languages they communicate. Implications for examine perform and perform in different institution and group contexts are emphasised.

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Additional info for Bilingual Education and Social Change (Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 14)

Example text

For example, ethnography is an interpretive method and the primary research tool is the individual ethnographer. This has led to criticisms that ethnographic research is too subjective. Ethnographers respond that subjectivity is a characteristic of all research. Because researchers are part of the social world that they study, they are able to act in the world and reflect on those actions.

What I found, however, was that 'exemplary' simply meant a drop-out rate that was lower than in most bilingual schools in that area at that time. While I was beginning to question if and how transitional bilingual education could provide educational opportunities to students labeled 'Limited English Proficient' (as the Bilingual Education Act mandates), my experience using ethnographic and sociolinguistic methods in school-based research was allowing me to see relationships between the Puerto Rican and Dominican students' positioning in the micro-level classroom interaction and macro-level educational and societal discourses that discriminate against low-income Spanish-speaking populations.

In 1986, I began ethnographic research in a transitional Page viii bilingual middle school program in Perth Amboy, NJ that the State of New Jersey had labeled 'exemplary'. My original goal was to investigate how this bilingual program was providing equal educational opportunities to its low-income Spanish-speaking (predominantly Puerto Rican and Dominican) students. What I found, however, was that 'exemplary' simply meant a drop-out rate that was lower than in most bilingual schools in that area at that time.

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Bilingual Education and Social Change (Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 14) by Rebecca D. Freeman

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