Download A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of by Pradyot Patnaik PDF

By Pradyot Patnaik

ISBN-10: 047013495X

ISBN-13: 9780470134955

ISBN-10: 0471714585

ISBN-13: 9780471714583

The definitive consultant to the detrimental homes of chemical compounds

Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their detrimental houses, A complete advisor to the harmful homes of chemicals, 3rd Edition permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental information exists. therefore, it bridges the distance among damaging fabrics and chemistry. widely up to date and multiplied, this reference:

  • Examines organics, metals and inorganics, commercial solvents, universal gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive elements, protecting every thing from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to dealing with and disposal practices
  • Arranges dangerous chemical compounds in line with their chemical constructions and sensible teams for simple reference
  • contains up to date info at the poisonous, flammable, and explosive houses of chemicals
  • Covers extra metals within the chapters on poisonous and reactive metals
  • Updates the edge publicity limits within the office air for a couple of components
  • good points the newest details on business solvents and poisonous and flammable gases
  • comprises a variety of tables, formulation, and a word list for speedy reference

since it offers info that permits people with a chemistry heritage to accomplish exams with no earlier information, this finished reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, in addition to business hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat execs, and others in similar fields.Content:
Chapter 1 Acids, Carboxylic (pages 103–114):
Chapter 2 Acids, Mineral (pages 115–126):
Chapter three Acids, Peroxy (pages 127–133):
Chapter four Alcohols (pages 134–159):
Chapter five Aldehydes (pages 160–192):
Chapter 6 Alkalies (pages 193–199):
Chapter 7 Alkaloids (pages 200–234):
Chapter eight Amines, Aliphatic (pages 235–250):
Chapter nine Amines, fragrant (pages 251–268):
Chapter 10 Asbestos (pages 269–276):
Chapter eleven Azo Dyes (pages 277–285):
Chapter 12 Chlorohydrins (pages 286–293):
Chapter thirteen Cyanides, natural (Nitriles) (pages 294–316):
Chapter 14 Cyanides, Inorganic (pages 317–335):
Chapter 15 Dioxin and comparable Compounds (pages 336–347):
Chapter sixteen Epoxy Compounds (pages 348–369):
Chapter 17 Esters (pages 370–389):
Chapter 18 Ethers (pages 390–401):
Chapter 19 Gases, universal poisonous, and Flammable (pages 402–409):
Chapter 20 Glycol Ethers (pages 410–424):
Chapter 21 Haloethers (pages 425–437):
Chapter 22 Halogenated Hydrocarbons (pages 438–469):
Chapter 23 Halogens, Halogen Oxides, and Interhalogen Compounds (pages 470–483):
Chapter 24 Heterocyclic Compounds (pages 484–495):
Chapter 25 Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Alicyclic (pages 496–515):
Chapter 26 Hydrocarbons, fragrant (pages 516–536):
Chapter 27 business Solvents (pages 537–550):
Chapter 28 Isocyanates, natural (pages 551–567):
Chapter 29 Ketones (pages 568–591):
Chapter 30 steel Acetylides and Fulminates (pages 592–597):
Chapter 31 steel Alkoxides (pages 598–601):
Chapter 32 steel Alkyls (pages 602–612):
Chapter 33 steel Azides (pages 613–621):
Chapter 34 steel Carbonyls (pages 622–629):
Chapter 35 steel Hydrides (pages 630–642):
Chapter 36 Metals, Reactive (pages 643–649):
Chapter 37 Metals, poisonous (pages 650–668):
Chapter 38 Mustard gasoline and Sulfur Mustards (pages 669–673):
Chapter 39 Nerve Gases (pages 674–690):
Chapter forty Nitro Explosives (pages 691–703):
Chapter forty-one Oxidizers (pages 704–714):
Chapter forty two Particulates (pages 715–718):
Chapter forty three Peroxides, natural (pages 719–740):
Chapter forty four insecticides and Herbicides: type, constitution, and research (pages 741–745):
Chapter forty five insecticides, Carbamate (pages 746–761):
Chapter forty six insecticides, Organochlorine (pages 762–781):
Chapter forty seven insecticides, Organophosphorus (pages 782–803):
Chapter forty eight Herbicides, Chlorophenoxy Acid (pages 804–810):
Chapter forty nine Herbicides, Triazine (pages 811–816):
Chapter 50 Herbicides, Urea (pages 817–820):
Chapter fifty one Phenols (pages 821–833):
Chapter fifty two Phosphorus and Its Compounds (pages 834–853):
Chapter fifty three Polychlorinated Biphenyls (pages 854–862):
Chapter fifty four Radon and Radioactive components (pages 863–866):
Chapter fifty five Sulfate Esters (pages 867–871):
Chapter fifty six Sulfur?Containing Organics (Miscellaneous) (pages 872–881):
Chapter fifty seven Miscellaneous elements (pages 882–898):

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Extra info for A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, Third Edition

Sample text

Another class of chlorinated organics, which are environmental pollutants, are the organochlorine pesticides: dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane (DDT), heptachlor, dieldrin, chlordane, lindane. The structure of these compounds differs from each other, as do their toxic properties. Some chlorinated organic compounds, including phosgene (carbonyl chloride), mustard gas [bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide], dioxins (2,3,7,8-tetrachloro isomer), and chlorinated dibenzofurans, are known to be dangerously toxic.

Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver, often accompanied by jaundice and liver enlargement. Hepatotoxicity Toxic effect on the liver. Chemicals that cause such adverse effects on the liver are known as hepatotoxicants. Hypotensive Condition in which the blood pressure is lower than normal, caused by certain chemicals affecting cholinergic or adrenergic function. Hypoxia Condition in which there is a lack of oxygen supply to the tissues. Irritant Substance that induces local inflammation of normal tissues on immediate, prolonged, or repeated contact.

This can result in edema, hemorrhage of the lungs, and death. Many toxins behave in this way. Another type of toxic effect on the lung involves the allergic or hypersensitivity reactions. Inhalation of particulates, such as cotton dust, pollens, molds, and bacterial contaminants, could induce such allergy. The clinical symptoms are asthma, bronchoconstriction, and chronic bronchitis. Perhaps the most serious type of lung disease is pulmonary fibrosis or pneumoconiosis. Different types of fibrosis, such as silicosis, asbestosis, and emphysema, are known.

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A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, Third Edition by Pradyot Patnaik


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