By Jules Verne
Twenty Thousand Leagues below the ocean (French: Vingt mille lieues sous les mers) is a vintage technological know-how fiction novel through French author Jules Verne, released in 1870. it truly is concerning the fictional Captain Nemo and his submarine, Nautilus, as visible through one in every of his passengers, Professor Pierre Aronnax. the unique version, released by means of Hetzel, features a variety of illustrations by means of Alphonse de Neuville and Edouard Riou.
The name refers back to the distance travelled below the ocean, to not the intensity, as 20,000 leagues is 20 occasions the radius of the earth. the best intensity pointed out within the e-book is four leagues. A literal translation of the French identify may result in the plural "Seas", therefore implying the "Seven Seas" by which the characters of the radical commute. in spite of the fact that, the ordinary English translation of the identify makes use of "Sea", which means the sea commonly, as in "going to sea".
The notice leagues within the English name is a literal translation of lieues, yet refers to French leagues. The French league have been a variable unit yet within the metric period used to be standardized as four km. therefore the identify distance is reminiscent of 80,000 km (twice round the Earth) or roundly 50,000 statute miles. In universal English utilization 1 league equals three miles. (Quote from wikipedia.org)
About the Author
Jules Gabriel Verne (February eight, 1828 - March 24, 1905) used to be a French writer who pioneered the science-fiction style. he's top recognized for novels corresponding to trip to the heart of the Earth (1864), Twenty Thousand Leagues below the ocean (1870), and worldwide in 80 Days (1873). Verne wrote approximately house, air, and underwater commute earlier than air shuttle and useful submarines have been invented, and ahead of sensible technique of area go back and forth were devised. he's the 3rd so much translated writer on the earth, accordi
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Extra resources for 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea
Nevertheless, “the aggregate income measured in terms of the wage-unit is, as a rule, the principal variable upon which the consumptionconstituent of the aggregate demand function will depend” (GT, p. 96). The consumption function, in Keynes’s view, was of importance because it led directly to the multiplier which explained how “the changes in the amount of employment will be a function of the net changes in the amount of investment” (GT, p. 114). It was “to the general principle of the multiplier to which we have to look for an explanation of how ﬂuctuation in the amount of investment, which are a comparatively small proportion of the national income, are capable of generating ﬂuctuations in aggregate employment and income so much greater in amplitude than themselves” (GT, p.
It was “to the general principle of the multiplier to which we have to look for an explanation of how ﬂuctuation in the amount of investment, which are a comparatively small proportion of the national income, are capable of generating ﬂuctuations in aggregate employment and income so much greater in amplitude than themselves” (GT, p. 122). Thus the long-run, or secular, consumption-income relation fades into the background. To Keynes the cyclical consumption function is of major signiﬁcance, for the major problem he set is to explain cyclical ﬂuctuations.
In what follows we will: 1. Present an exposition of standard, or conventional Keynesian doctrine, ending with the neoclassical synthesis. 2. Derive an alternative interpretation of Keynes—one which builds upon those aspects of The General Theory that emphasize investment in a world where business cycles exist and engender uncertainty. This leads to a quite different image of how the world operates than that embodied in current standard theory. 3. Examine the policy and philosophical implications of the alternative interpretation of Keynes.
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne